Monday, November 28, 2016

Deployable Solar Panel Project

August 2016


Many folks have posted about how they installed their solar charging system. This is the way I did it - not wholly original, but there may be something of interest to others.

You can click on any photo for a larger version. 

Feel free to skip the narrative unless you are interested in the details.

Introduction


I didn't order my camper with a solar panel system as I both wanted to reduce the purchase price and figured I would mostly only camp in one spot per night. I had them put in wiring to the roof, however, so I could add a panel later. Note, however, I did not use this wiring for this project - maybe later if I add a second panel and place it on the roof.

This year my camping style has shifted somewhat. I'm now more likely to stay in one spot for more than one, or even two days. It was time to add solar charging to my camper.

In reading various posts on Wander the West, I came to the conclusion that a portable, deployable solar panel was a better idea than a fixed panel for me. Yes, one has to store the panel somewhere while traveling and set it up each time one wishes solar power. However, that is outweighed by the advantage of being able to camp in the shade and have the panel out in the sunlight.

I'd read a post or two on WtW where folks had built a solar panel carrier attached to the underside of the camper overhang. That seemed like an efficient way to carry a panel. I had already installed a Rotopax gasoline container carrier in that location, but looking at the measurements of solar panels it looked like there would be space to carry a panel in front of the Rotopax carrier.

I didn't go back and search for posts by others on how they added solar charging or their panel carrier (which I suppose makes this post a bit ironic). As a retired engineer, researching these things for myself is a big part of the fun.

In my research I decided a multi-crystalline silicon solar panel would be the best solution. It's more efficient and smaller than an amorphous silicon panel, and although less efficient than a mono-crystalline panel, it is less affected by partial shade conditions, such as tree leaves, and slightly less expensive.

I knew I'd need a charge controller to sit between the panel and battery bank. The controller regulates the voltage from the panel and also insures the batteries are not overcharged. There are various technologies to accomplish this function. A PWM (pulse-width modulated) type controller would be a good fit in the power range I would be installing and less expensive than the MPPT type, which is better for higher power applications.

In looking at various panels and controllers, sold both individually and as kits. I decided upon a 100W kit from Windy Nation. Besides the multi-crystalline panel, the kit included a PWM charge controller that could handle up to four 100W panels - so if I wanted to add capacity later, I would not have to get a new controller. There is an LCD display on the controller where one can monitor charge voltage, current, etc. The controller also included a temperature compensation sensor & circuitry. This adjusts the charge voltage thresholds depending upon the temperature of the battery, which is recommended by the battery manufacturer. The kit also included wire & connectors to connect the panel to the controller. It included mounting brackets which I would not need. The kit, with shipping, was $185.

I've included a parts list at the end of the post. Most parts were purchased from Amazon and you should be able to find them there. Fasteners were purchased locally. Other items as noted.

Take heart that I won't include a step by step description of my installation. I will include a few notes and I will be glad to answer any questions you wish to include in the comments or in an email.

Charge Controller mounted on forward wall of camper

Panel and wiring


Close-up view of controller and wiring. Black wire on top leads to battery temperture sensor.

I wired the controller, panel, and batteries as instructed in the kit documentation. I used fuse holders to protect the wiring from the panel and battery bank as recommended in the kit instructions.

Battery compartment showing the two AGM batteries, ammeter shunt, temp. sensor, and wiring

As an aside, the LED ceiling lights in my camper always flickered when the water pump ran. This was most irritating and noticeable at low flow rates at night. The manufacturer never figured out how to fix this. It was suggested to me by Bill Harr, who built out his own camper from a shell, to run separate wiring from the battery to the pump. I ran a fused line from the battery positive terminal to the water pump switch in the original monitor panel, and a separate line from battery minus to the water pump. This eliminated all flickering in the LED lights. This circuit is not controlled by the master on/off switch of the camper, however, as the water pump has it's own switch (and is fused), I don't see this as an issue. Note that by wiring the pump this way, its operating current does not go through the shunt and is not monitored by the ammeter.

I mounted the Zamp connector, which includes a snap-on cover, under the front camper edge where it extends just over the sides of the truck bed. This will connect the panel wiring to the charge controller. I had to drill through the plywood and carpet. The wood split a bit which is why the black silicone sealant is smeared all around.

This is where the wiring from the solar panel connects to the charge controller wiring.
The gizmo at the top of the photo is one of the LED downlights.

I purchased a digital panel meter that displays Vdc, Amps, Watts, and Energy (Wh). This is not necessary but informative. I wired it as per its instructions. The model I chose came with a 50A shunt which I installed between the battery bank negative and the camper ground. That way it monitors all the load current though the batteries. As of this writing I have only temporarily mounted it (see photo). I intend to cut a hole above the original battery/water monitor panel, and below the 12Vdc outlets, and install it in that location.

Digital panel meter near location to be installed permanently

Carrier


I ordered two pieces of aluminum C-channel from onlinemetals.com, as I didn't find any channel of appropriate dimensions locally. The 48" lengths would extend about 4" beyond the panel on each side. In retrospect cutting them a bit shorter would have been better as the panel tended to slide from side to side between the padlocks (see next paragraph.) I later cut pieces of plastic and drilled them for the padlock shackles to remove the slack (sorry, no photo).

C-channel with bolt "stud", plastic strips, and padlock hole

To mount the C-channel under the camper I first drilled and tapped holes for the bolts. This allowed the bolts to act as studs. It is important to select the bolt length so it doesn't stick above the surface of the bed platform. I drilled holes in the channel sides near the ends that would allow me to add padlocks once the panel was in the carrier. These would make it harder for someone to steal the panel and prevent it from sliding out.

I used contact cement to hold plastic strips on the side and "bottom" of the channel to allow the panel to slide more easily and prevent metal on metal contact. See the photos. The plastic strips were left over from the installation of replacement windows in my house. There might be something similar at your home improvement store.

I then drilled and counter-sunk holes from inside the camper, under the mattress. I could then push the "studs" up into these holes and screw on the nuts from the inside. This worked in theory much better than in practice. It was difficult to get the holes in exactly the right places, so I had to widen the holes more than I would have liked to get the channel to fit flush with the camper. This technique did have the advantage that I could install the carrier "mid season" without removing it from the truck.

I spaced the channels based upon the width of the solar panel, plus about half an inch. In reality it worked out to be slightly more than this, but the space is needed to more easily allow the panel to slide into the channel without binding.

I used silicone calk on the top surface of the channels and especially around the base of the "studs" to seal the holes into the camper. Inside the camper I squirted E6000 glue in the holes especially those holes that had been enlarged to fit the bolts. This was to help strengthen the attachment of the bolts to the camper.

Carrier mounted under camper above the truck cab

Panel, with end-caps, in the carrier. You can just barely see the front bit of the Rotopax carrier.

The panel slides into the channels with the tempered glass side down. The resulting cavity conveniently holds the panel electrical cabling. I fold the cables in a cheap plastic tarp to keep them from rattling.

Close-up view of panel, with end-caps, and padlock

I purchased 22 feet of vinyl coated wire rope and crimped small loops in each end. I taped this to the solar panel cable. When I deploy the panel I padlock one end of the wire rope to one of the holes in my camper lifting jack brackets and the other to a hole in the solar panel frame. That won't stop a determined thief, but will hopefully discourage casual pilferage.

Panel legs


Solar Panel deployed with legs set for optimum sun angle. Note also wire rope taped to electrical cable.

I used 1" x 2" lumber I had in the garage to fashion legs. The legs were cut the length of the short side of the solar panel (see next paragraph). I drilled the panel flange and the legs for a 1/4-20 bolt, washer and wing-nut. This would allow the panel to be set at any angle to face the sun the most directly.

To close off the ends of the carrier, to make end-caps if you will. I bought pieces of white vinyl wall cove base at Home Depot. I trimmed the vinyl to fit between the channels and the underside of the camper overhang. Note I had to cut the vinyl wall cove to be longer than the legs if I wanted to close off the cavity, as the channels were farther apart than the panel width/leg length (see the previous section). This seems to work fine, but I wonder if it would have been better to cut the legs to fit the distance between the channels (minus a bit for clearance) instead.

I used E6000 adhesive to glue pieces of vinyl wall cove base to the outside of the legs. Once the glue cured, I drilled and inserted (previously painted) round-head wood screws to insure the vinyl would not come loose.

I then painted the wood legs with the white spray paint that I'd used to paint the wood screws. This would provide some weather protection and make the finished assembly look a little nicer. The vinyl is thick enough to be fairly stiff. It deforms enough to fit over the bolt heads as the panel slides in, but stands straight enough to close off the cavity against wind or rain.

Note that during my first trip with the panel in the carrier, the panel bounced up & down slightly when on rough roads. This not only made a racket, but I felt it might damage the panel if the impacts were too strenuous. I tried various shims on the road to minimize the problem. I thought about it for the remainder of that trip and came up with a solution. I drilled holes in the legs and panel at the opposite end from the hinge bolts. I inserted another set of 1/4-20 bolts and wing-nuts. This held the legs firmly against the solar panel and the stiffness of the vinyl wall cove held the panel firmly enough against the bottom of the channel that on my next trip out I had no issue with banging or rattling of the panel even on rough roads without shims or pads.

Conclusion


The system works great. In full sun the 100 watt panel/charger pumps between 5 and 6 amps into the battery bank. The output drops a surprising amount with even thin high clouds, but not much one can do about that. FYI, the refrigerator draws about 4.5 amps when the compressor running.

The carrier also works very well. It does require lifting the panel horizontally and sliding it into the channels. The extra space between the channels allows it to slide in easily without binding, especially if the panel is slightly misaligned when inserted. The second set of fasteners on the legs keep the legs in position while lifting and sliding, and prevent the panel from bouncing on a bumpy road in conjunction with the vinyl wall cove end caps.

Parts List


Panel, Controller, and electrical


WindyNation 100 Watt Solar Panel Off-Grid RV Boat Kit with LCD PWM Charge Controller + Solar Cable + MC4 Connectors + Mounting Brackets

DROK Digital Multimeter (panel mount) with 50 Amp shunt

Zamp Solar RV RVROOFSIDE Sidewall Port

CES 2 Pin Quick Disconnect Harness SAE Connector Bullet Lead Cable

Sea Dog Watertight Inline Fuse Holder, 30A, 10AWG

Scotty Marine In-line 30 Amp Fuse Holder

10AWG and 12AWG copper stranded wire

crimp butt-splice connectors

Legs


1" x 2" pine for legs

White 4" x 48" x 0.080" Vinyl Wall Cove Base (Home Depot)

1/4-20 Hex Head Bolts

1/4-20 Wing Nuts

small round-head wood screws

contact cement

white spray paint

E6000 adhesive

Carrier


2x 48" length Aluminum 6063-T52 Bare Extruded Channel Architectural, 3" x 1" x 0.125"

1/4-20 Hex Head Bolts

1/4-20 nuts

plastic strips

silicone sealer

Security


3/32 in Vinyl-Coated Wire Rope (Home Depot)

2x Cable Ferrules (to make a loop at each end of cable)

2x small padlocks with common key

Tools needed


Power drill and bits

1/4-20 metal tap

crimp tool for electrical butt splices

crimp tool for wire rope ferrules (Home Depot let me use theirs in the store when I purchased the wire rope and ferrules)

wood saw

Saturday, November 19, 2016

Moon House Ruins, Cedar Mesa, Utah - October 23, 2016



In a slight departure from the format typically used for my blog, this October 2016 trip to southern Utah has been broken into parts not perfectly in chronological order. I have separated the hike to the Moon House Ruins into its own post. The trip begins in this post, where this hike would have taken place near the end, and continues in this post.

Remember to click any photo to see a larger version - highly recommended.

A Hike to Moon House Ruins


There would be five of us from the Wander The West forum meet-up (see previous post) hiking to the ruins today. A permit from the Kane Gulch Ranger Station is required year-round for visiting Moon House ruin in the McLoyd Canyon-Moon House Recreation Management Zone (RMZ). Cayuse and allanb reserved permits in advance and volunteered to drive us to first the Cedar Mesa visitor center to pick up the permits, then to the trailhead. Besides the permit holders, hoyden, allanb's wife, and I would take the hike. The official BLM webpage says the hike is "a strenuous three mile hike and is not for those who fear heights." A couple of blog posts I read in advance opined that the hike was only moderate. I would say now that it is likely moderate for young, active adults and strenuous for an old guy like me with poor knees - but I'm so happy I went. This is the BLM webpage for Moon House.

cayuse paused at the junction to allow allanb to catch up.
The spur to the left is a parking area; to the right, heading north, is the road to the trailhead.

One drives south on the highway from the visitor center, then east on Snow Flat Road. This road gets quite bumpy especially when it crosses areas of slickrock. There is a parking area at the junction, after which you need a high-clearance vehicle. Get detailed directions when you pick up your permit.

Starting off from the trailhead

Starting our descent into McLoyd Canyon

Upper section of the canyon trail

The hike traverses down the south side of McLoyd Canyon and climbs up the other side to the cliff dwellings. The trail gets very steep in a number of sections and in one spot you have to step off a ledge down onto a stack of rocks. This is tricky going down and helps to have someone along to help position your feet (or go for help!) The views of the canyon are delightful at every step.

This is the tricky spot where you have to step off a ledge onto a stack of rocks.

Almost to the bottom of the canyon. The ruins can be seen in the cliffs across the way under the overhang.

When the trail wound around a curve in the canyon we would see the cliff dwellings on the far side. We paused for snacks halfway down, looking across the canyon and wondering just where the path up would be - it wasn't obvious from where we sat. The canyon bottom was slickrock where it met the trail. There were giant boulders and up above an enormous fist of stone sat on a pedestal. It was quite a sight.

hoyden volunteered to provide scale to the canyon and point to the balanced rock above.

The canyon bottom here is slickrock. The group begins the ascent of the other side.

Then began the scramble up the far side. Much of it was slickrock and there were clefts to ascend.

Climbing up toward the cliff dwellings.

A view back along the way we hiked.

The central complex of Moon House Ruins.
The cliff dwellings are very well preserved. They comprise several rooms in the central complex accessed from a hallway behind a unique facade. Some rooms still wear their mud-based plaster and painted decoration.

Some of the room entrances inside the "hallway."

At the far end of the hallway this pictograph can be seen well above head level.

The hallway; note the mud plaster with painted design is very well preserved. The motif was repeated inside the room, but all the rooms were much too dark for photos.

There are additional exterior rooms along the ledge under the cliff overhang - round and square rooms, and a perhaps kiva-like structure, too.

Exterior rooms in the central complex. The logs appear to be what's left of a roof structure (see next photo).

Another view of the exterior rooms in the central complex.

Looking back at the facade and the entrance to the hallway.

Ruins of an exterior room suspended above the ledge near the balanced rock.

There are several smaller, outlying rooms, perhaps granaries, located in both directions along the ledge on which the central complex is found.

If you walk past the balanced rock and look up canyon, there is another ruin (see next photo.)

A closer view of the ruin shown above. I didn't bring a telephoto lens on this hike.

Walking along the ledge down canyon there are several other room/buildings.

Looking back toward the central complex from along the ledge.

Another room/building along the ledge. There were more farther along, but this is where I turned around.

After exploring the site and enjoying the view it was time to head back down into the canyon and up the other side. I didn't take more photos on the way out as the side of the canyon was now in shadow. It was more difficult to climb up the aforementioned ledge on the way out. I managed, but stressed my right knee which has been complaining to me now for weeks about the abuse. Fortunately, it didn't start complaining until the end of the trip, so I was still able to enjoy more hiking on this trip.

Thanks for reading this post. I hope you enjoyed it. If you are encouraged to visit Moon House, remember you need to pick up a permit at the ranger station (except in winter, I believe.) Only 20 people are allowed per day to hike to the ruins, so during the high season call the Kane Gultch ranger station at (435) 587-1510 to reserve your permit. They may be reserved up to 90 days in advance.

Southern Utah - October 2016: Part 2

Comb Wash, South & North Mule Canyons, Edge of the Cedars, Bear's Ears

Monday, October 24 (continued)


This post is a continuation of the journey begun in Part 1.

Remember to click any photo to see a larger version - highly recommended.

Comb Wash


Comb Ridge seen from eastbound US-163.
Interestingly enough, the ridge is red on the west side and white on the east side.

I'd seen the turn-off to the dirt road up Comb Wash when I'd driven US-163 west of Bluff any number of times. Folks I met near Moab on my last trip recommended it as both a drive and destination. I would drive north from 163 to UT-95, exploring as I went. If the weather forecast was right, I would clear the area before the expected rains came. This might be important as I knew the road crossed several arroyos before it regained the highway.

Comb Wash Road with Comb Ridge to the east.

My curiosity becomes peaked whenever I see a ridge of white stone pushed up in the middle of red sand and stone.

Though the turn off is not marked, once you are on the dirt road you should see a sign, San Jan County 235. The "comb" cliffs mark the eastern boundary of the wash and the edge of Cedar Mesa, the western border. There is mostly red dirt and sand, but the views are wonderful. A few miles up the road, the route splits. The left, west, fork becomes Snow Flat Road and ascends the mesa - this is the Mormon Emigrant Trail. The right fork crosses the wash and continues north.

The road below is the folk which becomes Snow Flat Road as it ascends Cedar Mesa

Yipes! Stripes!

There are cottonwoods growing along the wash bottom and as you get closer to UT-95 there are a number of dispersed camping areas - some near the cliffs on the east side of the road, a few others closer to the cottonwoods and the wash. I found one under the trees, with some intersting rock formations to the west, that I want to return to next season.

On the west side of the road are cottonwoods along the wash and interesting sandstone formations.

A mile or so south of UT-95 I passed the BLM camping area in which I spent one night last trip. I decided to cross the highway and explore the dirt road farther up the wash. There are a couple of dispersed sites just off the highway, but the road then passes through part of the Ute Indian Reservation and they have No Trespassing signs along the road. Theoretically, the road continues north, but there was a deep-looking river crossing I thought wasn't worth trying, so I turned around and drove back to the highway.

Mule Ruins Interpretive Trail


Restored kiva at the Mule Canyon Interpretive Trail

I drove west on 95 to check out the Mule Ruins Interpretive Trail. I found the ruins and interpretive trail, just off the state highway, to be a bit of a disappointment. They would, however, serve as a good introduction for tourists driving through with little time and less experience with ruins in the area. Unless you fit that category, I'd say spend your precious time elsewhere.

Cave (Tower) Ruins


I headed back east on the highway to look for the turn-off to Tower Ruins. You would be wise to pick up one of the hand-drawn maps at the Cedar Mesa Ranger Station if you wish to find these ruins and/or South or North Mule Creek access. Also, be sure to pick up a free copy of the Cedar Mesa/Grand Gulch Trip Planner - a vital reference for hiking and camping in the area.

The road to the tower ruins goes from bad to worse. The first section can be done with any moderately high-clearance vehicle, but I recommend parking in the lot by the first informational kiosk and walking from there. I tried to drive the next part and abandoned the effort about halfway as it was just too rough. Turning around was no picnic, either.

This tower was close to the head of the canyon.

There is not much left of the towers. The theory is that they were built to protect the spring and pool at the head of the canyon, but no one living really knows.

Looking across the head of the canyon at a tower.

South Mule Canyon Bluffs


To find the road to South Mule Canyon - the actual canyon, not the interpretive site - look for the sign for "Arch Canyon - Texas Flat." The road is on the north side of the highway. There is a permit kiosk a short way in, as this is a fee area, then you drive only a bit farther to the canyon. Generally Mesa-top car camping is free and doesn't require a permit, whereas hiking and back-country camping do require permits. Permits are available at the ranger station and at many trailheads.

Looking at a satellite view before leaving home, it appeared there would likely be dispersed camping sites just beyond the South Mule Canyon trailhead on top of the canyon rim and there were. I did continue down the road just to see what was around and noticed others camped farther along. I turned around shortly after the bridge crosses the wash of North Mule Canyon.

It is hard to see, but my camping spot is not far from the canyon rim.

I initially thought once I'd set up camp on the bluff above South Mule Canyon, I would hike from there down to the trail which leads up to the House on Fire ruins. But I could see rain on the horizon and light sprinkles changed my mind. The precipitation was light and intermittent, so I decided just to stay in the area around where I'd camped. I was able explore the canyon rim a bit between showers before dark.

Slickrock and vegetation near my campsite.

Tuesday, October 25


Although it didn't rain very much overnight, it was dark and chilly the next morning. Everything was wet and I would be too if I decided to hike. I decided I'd break camp and drive into Blanding as I heard Edge of the Cedars museum there had a great collection of ancient puebloan artifacts and there was a small ruin, too. I could also get gas, have lunch in town, and maybe the skies would clear. My intention was to then return to hike South Mule Canyon with the sun shining.

Edge of the Cedars


To get to the state park/museum you turn off the main street in Blanding and drive several blocks though a residential area. There is a modest fee to enter the museum, and it is well worth it. They have a very diverse collection of artifacts on display. I especially enjoyed the "discovery" displays - be sure to read the discovery stories on the wall posters to learn how ordinary hikers came across these marvelous discoveries. This is their website.

I have a dozen additional images posted on this photo page. I strongly encourage you to view them.

The Discovery collection.

The ruins behind the museum.

I have a dozen additional images posted on this photo page. I encourage you to view them.

After the museum I had lunch, then retraced my route back to the west.

Butler Wash


I'd seen the sign to the Butler Wash Ruins on UT-95 west of Blanding on my drive in that morning. The trip planner states that it is only a hike of about a mile round trip to see the ruins.

Looking south from the trail.

The trail starts on sandy soil though the piñon and juniper, then transitions to slickrock. There are a couple of slightly steep parts, but mostly the trail is easy. There are cairns to follow on the slickrock and most of those have been cemented in place. Your destination is an overlook with the ruins about a hundred yards across the canyon (if my memory is accurate.) You might wish to bring a small pair of binoculars along to view the ruins.

View of the ruins from the overlook.

A closer look at the main section of the ruins.

I walked back to the parking area, and again drove west on UT-95 to the road to Mule Canyon.

South Mule Canyon


I pulled off the highway, stuffed my two dollars in the permit envelope, and after dropping it in the slot drove down the hill. The trailhead is in the first canyon you come upon, approximately a quarter mile from the highway. You just park alongside the road. The trail drops off the upstream side of the road and winds up the canyon.

I have posted eleven additional photos of South Mule Canyon, including House on Fire Ruins, on this photo page.

Looking back toward the trailhead, not far from the road.

Canyon walls along the trail.

Much of the trail is alongside the bottom, though you cross over a number of times, and walk up the wash in places, as well. The hike is described as easy-to-moderate by BLM. After about a mile you come to the House on Fire ruins. I gather it is so named because the coloration of the rock can look like flames in the right light.

House on Fire Ruins

From the west side you can see the ruins clustered under the enormous rock cliff.

There are supposed to be three other ruins farther up the canyon, each about a mile from the other. I hiked up another mile, but didn't spot any other ruins.

There are beautiful scenes all along the canyon, such as these majestic Ponderosa Pines.

It is a very pretty hike up the canyon and fairly easy. When I was just about back to the trail head I spotted several Mule Deer grazing along the canyon bottom.

The canyon is a haven for deer as there is no hunting anywhere on Cedar Mesa.

I have posted eleven additional photos of South Mule Canyon, including House on Fire Ruins, on this photo page.


North Mule Canyon campsite


After my hike I drove north on the dirt road. North Mule Canyon is about 3/4 of a mile farther along. The previous evening, as I was driving around before settling in my campsite, I had noticed a particularly attractive campsite just past the bridge at North Mule Canyon. There was a large van set up, with solar panels deployed, just above the canyon bottom under a cottonwood. There were pools of water in the creek bed and interesting rock canyon walls. I drove there to see if it was now available and lucked out, the site was empty. I drove down the short access road into the shallow canyon. It was easy to find a level spot. I set up and deployed my solar panel as there was still enough sunshine low in the afternoon sky.

Lower North Mule Canyon seen from my campsite.

It is a lovely spot on a wide terrace slightly above the canyon bottom. The canyon here is shallow and I enjoyed just sitting in my camp chair and enjoying the view.

My campsite as seen from the north canyon rim in the early evening.

Wednesday, October 26


My initial plan was to take a short hike, perhaps down the canyon, then move on. As I wandered around camp taking photos, the peace and beauty of this place began to seep into me. I realized that I'd subconsciously reached the decision to stay here another day. I had already deployed my solar panel, so now I decided to raise my tarp awning, as well. That would provide shade for the camper, especially the area of the fridge, in case the sun became hot later in the day. I lounged around camp, took a few more photos, then got ready to hike up the canyon.

Autumn leaves.

A Golden Aster thriving in the rock.

Such a beautiful and peaceful campsite. I hope to return here again.

I haven't been able to determine exactly to which species this little chipmunk belongs.


North Mule Canyon


Fewer folks hike North Mule Canyon than the South, which has House on Fire ruins and is an easier trail. The trail, here, is a bit more obscure in places and spends much more time at the bottom in the wash area, so is a bit more difficult, but never that hard.

There was an older couple just beginning to hike the canyon at the same time as I. I realized from what they were saying that they were under the mistaken impression they were in South Mule Canyon. I let them know this was the north canyon and House on Fire ruins were in the other canyon. I gave them directions to the other trailhead, they thanked me and turned around.

I have posted all these photos and ten more on this photo page.

Mind the gap. The trail skirts around to the left.

Much of the trail is simply the canyon bottom.

North canyon is not as large or quite as spectacular as South canyon, but every bit as beautiful. About a mile up the trail under a low rock ledge were two walls, all that remains of a small ruin.

Only two side walls remain of this small ruin.

Another mile up canyon is a dramatic promontory marking the area where the canyon forks, though the spur is much smaller than the main canyon. I could see evidence of some sort of ruin near the top of the high rock. It would be a great place for a look-out, though it may have also been just a granary. You might wish to bring a small pair of binoculars along to view the ruins.

Promontory and hanging garden.

A closer view of the promontory and the small ruin tucked into the overhang.

Below the promontory was a small "hanging garden" under an overhang, the first I'd seen, though I read they are not uncommon in these canyons. They are formed where water seeps out from between the rock layers of a wall face.

A closer look at the hanging gardens. The dark crescent is simply the shadow of the overhang in difficult lighting conditions.

A little ways up canyon were the ruins of several rooms along the cliff face, not far from the canyon bottom. It made me realize that although Moon House was a clearly defensible cliff dwelling, the peoples who settled in Mule Canyons had no such fears and built low in the canyons, on terraces just above the level of flood waters.

Ruins perched on a terrace below the promontary.

Curiously, I met another couple hiking here who thought they were in South Mule Canyon. I had a hard time convincing them that they were in the north canyon. It seems they had a map from the visitor bureau in Blanding that had the wrong milage listed to the trail head from the highway.

Once I visited the lower ruins, I turned around and made my way back down the canyon to my camp. My right knee wobbled a bit on the way out and I realized I'd put it through much more than usual on this trip.

One more look at North Mule Canyon.

I have posted all these photos and ten more on this photo page.

Back in camp, I moved my solar panel to point more directly into the sun. It worked great on this trip. I sat in my chair to relax after my day and to enjoy the scenery around camp. I sat so quietly that a number of deer wandered though. They kept an eye on me, but as long as I didn't move, they didn't bolt. Afternoon turned into a beautiful evening with a colorful sunset.

Mule deer across the stream from my camp.

A beautiful sunset in camp this evening.

A contrail cuts through the clouds.

Thursday, October 27


I would head home today, but wanted to explore a bit of the national forest north of Cedar Mesa. I drove up the road toward Bear's Ears Pass, stopping a couple of times to admire the view south and west.

Bear's Ears and Elk Mountain Road


I realized that, although I had seen and admired Bear's Ears peaks while on Cedar Mesa, I failed to take a photograph. Driving up toward the pass I was too close to remedy that situation.

View from Elk Mountain Road as it climbs towards Bear's Ears Pass.

Natural Bridges National Monument as seen from Elk Mountain Road.

The western ear of the bear.

I stopped at the pass for a few more photos and drove on. After days at lower, dryer elevations I was now in among the pines, spruce, and aspen. I had been cautioned, before I left home, that this road quickly became impassible when wet and I could see evidence of that even two days after only a moderate rain.

View of the national forest north of Bear's Ears Pass.

I stopped at the Arch Canyon overlook. The atmosphere was extremely hazy. I was surprised to just be able make out the profile of Ship Rock on the horizon. Can you see it in the image below?

Hazy view from Arch Canyon Overlook

Abajo Mountains with white canyons to their south.

I continued on Elk Mountain Road which curves east, affording great views of the Abajo Mountains with white sandstone canyons at their feet, then back south to UT-95. From there it was highway all the way home.

Epilog


This was the last camping trip of the season. My camper is now safely tucked inside my garage for the winter months. I didn't get out as many times this year as in past years, but every trip was great fun and filled with wonders. Thanks for following along!

P.S., I came across this interesting website should you be thinking of visiting any of the wonderful areas from this trip.